What is Iconography, anyway?
Iconography –or more precisely Eastern Orthodox Iconography— came to the art scene two centuries AC. This elegant genre of painting art was, at first, consisted of the portaits of the Christ, first saints and biblical scenes. Despite the Byzantine Iconoclasm and the crisis that the Orthodox Church came through, it continued to be flourished in the byzantine period. After thousands of years, contemporary artists are very close to their predecessors, which is due to the intensive study of the elder artworks.
Nowadays, there is an aboundance of iconic types of the Christ; Lord Jesus Christ, Christ the Pantocrator, Jesus Blessing from Monastery Stavronikita, Mount Athos etc. Hundreds of names and adjectives for Panagia; Mary, Blessed Virgin Mary, Panagia Glykofilousa, Panagia Portaitissa etc as well as for saints.
However, it’s worthwhile to focus on the work of the icon artists, because it entails primarily spiritual semiotics apart from the realistic depiction of the figures. Iconography, therefore, is not just a simple piece of art, it’s a way of being spiritually richer.